While air cooling is typically thought of as simply forcing cool air into a space, there is much more involved in the process. Heat is evaporated from the air using a refrigerant, to provide cool air as a result. HVAC systems supplement this process to ensure that you and your family or co-workers are cool and comfortable when the temperatures begin to rise.

The hot, humid weather that is typical of Indiana summers leave many homeowners reliant on their cooling system to keep them comfortable from the harsh elements outside. While air conditioners typically come to mind as the best way to cool your home or business, it is important to understand that you have multiple options. Below you will find a brief description of the most common types of cooling systems that are often used to cool homes and businesses today.

Air Conditioners

Air conditioners are the most commonly known option for cooling a home or building. These systems use a liquid called a refrigerant to evaporate the heat in the air, while the evaporative coils and fan supplement the process to provide cool air return. Air conditioners may be small window units used to cool small spaces, or larger, outdoor systems (also known as central air conditioners) used to cool an entire home through ventilation systems.

When choosing an air conditioner, there are a number of things to take into consideration. One of the most important things to consider is the system’s SEER. The Seasonal Energy Efficiency Ratio (SEER) is a value used to determine an air conditioner’s ability to use energy to provide cool air. The higher the rating, the less energy that the system uses, and therefore the more efficient it is considered to be. The SEER affects the system’s energy efficiency which is important in not only preserving energy, but also in saving the user on expensive energy costs each month.

In 2006, the U.S. Department of Energy determined that all newly manufactured air conditioners have a SEER of at least 13. We proudly install a full line of Carrier systems with SEER ranging from 15 all the way up to 21.

Heat Pumps

While you may think heat pumps are simply for heating, they can also perform cooling functions. In the summer, heat pumps can be used to cool your home much the same as an air conditioner. The main difference between heat pumps and air conditioners is the ability to “reverse” the heat pump’s functionality in the winter, to pump cool air from the home to the outside. Carrier offers a variety of heat pumps with SEER ranging from 15.5 to 20.5. While heat pumps are great for combining both heating and cooling functions, air conditioners are typically more energy efficient. The exception to this is a geothermal heat pump, which uses heat from the earth to heat and cool your space.

Have a space with no ductwork? Mini ductless and split systems are available to cool small spaces safely and efficiently. A trained professional can help you evaluate your options and choose a system that is the best for your space size and cooling needs. Are you considering a new cooling system installation for your home or business? Call Simanton Mechanical today to speak with a specialist regarding our products and services.